Blood Pressure in Normotensive Young Adults Is Not Influenced by Resistance Training Rest Interval Duration Direct Original Research

Main Article Content

Jason Coles
G. Monique Mokha
W. Alex Edmonds
Lia Jiannine


hypertension, smartphone, home-blood pressure monitor


Introduction: We aimed to examine the effect of resistance training rest interval length on chronic changes of systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP).
Methods: 27 normotensive young adults were randomly assigned to one of three rest interval length groups: 30-sec, 90-sec, or 150-sec. Baseline and posttest SBP and DBP measurements were obtained. Participants resistance trained and logged their sessions in a smartphone application three times per week for 8 weeks. They also measured their blood pressure weekly with a home kit. Changes in SBP and DBP between the three groups were tested using a mixed model 3 x 2 ANOVA analysis with follow-up post-hocs as necessary.
Results: There was no significant interaction between rest interval group and time for SBP or DBP. For SBP, there was a significant main effect for time, p<0.001 (pre: 115 mmHg vs. post: 108 mmHg).
Conclusions: SBP and DBP were not significantly influenced by rest interval length over time. The resistance training program had no effect on DBP but significantly decreased SBP regardless of rest interval. These results indicate that young normotensive adults may use short, moderate, or long duration rest intervals to elicit reductions in SBP.

Abstract 141 | PDF Downloads 67


1. World Health Organization. (2020). The top 10 causes of death.
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020a). Underlying cause of death, 1999-2019 results.
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020b). High blood pressure symptoms and causes.
4. Cornelissen, V., Fagard, R., Coeckelberghs, E., & Vanhees, L. (2011). Impact of resistance training on blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Hypertension, 58(5), 950-958.
5. Rocha, P., Silva, V., Camacho, L., & Vasconcelos, A. (2017). Effects of long-term resistance training on blood pressure: A systematic review. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, 19(6), 730-742.
6. Neto, V., Figueiredo, T., Simoes, A., Bezerra, M., Barguti, S., Bentes, C., Santos, L., Simao, R., & Miranda, H. (2017). Influence of load intensity on blood pressure after a resistance training session. apunts. Medicina de l’Esport, 52(193), 23-28.
7. Corso, M., Figueiredo, T., Carvalho, D., Brown, A., de Salles, B., Simao, R., Willardson, J., & Dias, I. (2022). Effects of strength training on blood pressure and heart rate variability–A systematic review. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 44(4), 38-61.
8. Gerage, A., Forjaz, C., Nascimento, M., Januario, R., Polito, M., & Cyrino, E. (2013). Cardiovascular adaptations to resistance training in elderly postmenopausal women. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(9), 806-808.
9. Benetti, E., Fania, C., & Palatini, P. (2014). Validation of the A&D BP UA-651 device for home blood pressure measurement according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010. Blood Pressure Monitoring, 19(1), 50-53.
10. Benetti, E., Fania, C., & Palatini, P. (2015). Validation of the A&D BP UA-651 device with a wide-range cuff for home blood pressure measurement according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010. Blood Pressure Monitoring, 20(3), 164-167.
11. Figueiredo, T., Willardson, J., Miranda, H., Bentes, C., Reis, V., Salles, B., & Simao, R. (2015). Influence of rest interval length between sets on blood pressure and heart rate variability after a strength training session performed by prehypertensive men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(7), 1813-1824.
12. Lemos, S., Figueiredo, T., Marques, S., Leite, T., Cardozo, D., Willardson, J., & Simao, R. (2018). Effects of strength training sessions performed with different exercise orders and intervals on blood pressure and heart rate variability. International Journal of Exercise Science, 11(2), 55-67.
13. Alemi, B., Majlesi, S., Nekooei, P., Ghasemabad, K., & Nekouie, P. (2022). Changes in heart rate variability and post-exercise blood pressure from manipulating rest intervals between sets of resistance training. Journal of Human Kinetics, 82, 61-73.
14. MacDonald, H., Johnson, B., Huedo-Medina, T., Livingston, J., Forsyth, K., Kraemer, W., Farinatti, P., & Pescatello, L. (2016). Dynamic resistance training as stand-alone antihypertensive lifestyle therapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 5, Article e003231.
15. Nino, O., Balague, N., Aragones, D., Alamo, J., Oviedo, G., Javierre, C., Guillamo, E., Delicado, M., Viscor, G., & Ventura, J. (2017). Different training programs decrease blood pressure during submaximal exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiolology, 117, 2181-2189.