Main Article Content
Protein, Exercise, Nutrition
Introduction: Whether it is the athletic population or the general population, it is essential to understand considerations regarding the amount of protein consumed daily. Protein, often referred to as the body's building blocks, is an integral part of the diet. This macronutrient plays a vital role in developing and maintaining skeletal muscle mass. This paper aims to discuss protein intake at low (<1.2 g/kg/day), medium (1.2-2.2 g/kg), and high (>2.2 g/kg/day) levels that should be consumed with consideration of physically active populations and potential benefits or detrimental effects on body composition and performance.
Methods: Searches of electronic databases PubMed and Google Scholar were undertaken to identify peer-reviewed journal articles that reported on dietary protein intake on body composition, and performance/strength.
Discussion: Low protein intakes may not meet the needs of all physically active individuals. Medium and high protein intakes positively influenced body composition. Medium protein intakes can benefit strength and performance; however, these effects are not consistently reported with higher intakes.
Conclusions: The minimum protein requirement for active individuals is 1.2 g/kg, and higher intakes are safe and effective for healthy, physically active individuals.
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