Publication Ethics

Pinnacle Science and Research Directs adheres to strict publication ethics. Research Directs upholds the highest integrity and standards throughout the peer-review process and beyond. If an author or reader encounters a problem with regards to the journal, all concerns and inquiries should be directed to [email protected]. All concerns are then presented to the editor-in-chief and are then populated to a selection of associate editors for the journal to review. Each editorial board consists of researchers, clinicians and practitioners in the field. If the problem warrants an article retraction due to plagiarism or breaks the terms of ethical publishing, the Article Retraction Policy will be followed. All other matters would be handled on a case-by-case basis by the editor-in-chief and selected associate editors.

Committee on Publication Ethics Website

Ownership and Operations

Research Directs is owned and operated by Pinnacle Science. Pinnacle Science is a non-profit organization developed to enhance open access, peer-reviewed research at a minimal cost to authors.

Copyright and Licensing

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. As stated on all published manuscripts, copyright is granted to the authors upon publication. 


All authors must significantly contribute to the manuscript, data collection, data analysis, data dissemination and writing. All authors must consent to the final, submitted manuscript.


Articles published by Pinnacle Science in Research Directs are stored on the publisher’s server, a hard drive, and by a backup, independent server.

Conflict of Interest

Authors are required to acknowledge if any financial benefits were provided to any authors of the study. If authors have no conflict of interest, they must state, “No conflict of interest.”

Clinical Trials

Research Directs requires clinical trials to be registered in an approved public trials registry. The trial registry name and URL and the registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

Manuscript Preparation

When submitting your manuscript to Research Directs, be sure to type and submit the manuscript using the template and be sure to indicate the manuscript type (Original Research, Direct Original Research, Case Study, Commentary, Review) on the template. The submitted manuscript must include all tables, figures, and properly formatted references as they will be presented for the final copy of the manuscript. Please refer to the Author Guidelines page for detailed information.


If an article has been published, and then found to be in need of a correction or clarification, the authors will be contacted and asked to submit a corrected manuscript. Research Directs is a Crossref member to assign DOI numbers and these corrections can be handled accordingly via the assistance of our partner, Crossref.

Article Retraction Policy

The retraction policy applies to all Research Directs journals. A retraction is utilized to prevent misguided, faulty, biased, and erroneous data from skewing research. A retraction is not the same a withdrawal, which would occur prior to publication and would be initiated by the author or the editor of the journal.

A retraction of an article may occur for the following reasons, but other reasons not stated may also apply.

  • Unauthorized identical publication
  • Plagiarism
  • Misconduct
  • Unreliable and misguided findings
  • Prior publication in another journal
  • Undisclosed conflicts of interest
  • Disputed authorship

If a retraction has been granted/warranted to an article published with Research Directs, the original article will be altered to state the word “RETRACTED” with a watermark on every page, however, the article will remain available on the Research Directs website for reference. The process for initiating a retraction would begin with contacting the editor of the journal and writing a description why the article should be considered for retraction. Then the editorial board of the journal and editor-in-chief would review the article in questions and make a decision regarding the retraction. This decision would then be final.