Comparison of Inter- and Intra-Individual Neuromuscular Patterns of Responses During Moderate-Load Bilateral Leg Extension Exercise

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Taylor Dinyer-McNeely
Pasquale J. Succi
Caleb C. Voskuil
M. Travis Byrd
Haley C. Bergstrom

Keywords

electromyography, mechanomyography, limb symmetry

Abstract

Introduction: This study examined the electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG), amplitude (AMP) and mean power frequency (MPF) responses during bilateral, leg extension exercise performed to failure at a moderate (70% one-repetition maximum [1RM]) load.


Methods: Eleven men completed a 1RM and repetitions to failure at 70% 1RM of the leg extension. The EMG and MMG signals were recorded from the right and left vastus lateralis. Polynomial regression analyses were used to determine individual and composite, normalized neuromuscular responses for both limbs.


Results: For EMG AMP, both limbs demonstrated positive, quadratic relationships. For EMG MPF, the right limb demonstrated a negative, cubic relationship and the left limb demonstrated a negative, quadratic relationship. For MMG AMP, the right limb demonstrated a positive, quadratic relationship and the left limb demonstrated a positive, linear relationship. For MMG MPF, both limbs demonstrated negative, linear relationships. 18-45% of the subjects demonstrated the same responses as the composite for the EMG and MMG signals. 14% of the subjects demonstrated the same direction and pattern of response for the right and left limb intra-individual responses.


Conclusions: The variability in the inter- and intra-individual responses highlight the necessity to report individual neuromuscular responses when examining fatiguing resistance exercise.

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