Relationships Between Pre-Match Training Load Variables and Matchday Countermovement Jump Height in NCAA DI Women’s Soccer Original Research

Main Article Content

Silvio Polly da Costa Valladao
Julia Phillips
Adriana Logan
Thomas Andre

Keywords

Periodization, Neuromuscular, Fatigue, GPS, Athletes

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to assess the repeated measures correlations between the sums of training load (TL) variables preceding matchday and matchday countermovement jump (CMJ) height in NCAA Division I (DI) women’s soccer athletes.


Methods:  A total of 23 female soccer players (20 ± 1.2 years; 1.69 ± 0.06 m) participated in this study. Repeated measures correlations were used to determine the relationships between matchday CMJ height and TL variables.


Results: Matchday CMJ height showed very weak to weak negative relationships with the sums of the TL variables for the microcycle preceding the match: sRPE-TL (r = -0.184, p = 0.036), TD (r = -0.229, p = 0.008), TLS (r = -0.192, p = 0.028), HSD (r = -0.229, p = 0.008), ML (r = -0.204, p = 0.020), and number of sprints (r = -0.237, p = 0.006).


Conclusions: Although significant negative weak relationships were observed, the results suggest that the sums of TL variables preceding matchday may not be the most reliable indicators of matchday preparedness in collegiate DI women’s soccer. Future research should aim to investigate other strategies to predict matchday readiness in collegiate women’s soccer.

Abstract 251 | PDF Downloads 201

References

1. Bromley T, Turner A, Read P, et al. Effects of a Competitive Soccer Match on Jump Performance and Interlimb Asymmetries in Elite Academy Soccer Players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2021;35(6):1707-1714. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000002951
2. Ishida A, Bazyler CD, Sayers AL, Mizuguchi S, Gentles JA. Acute effects of match-play on neuromuscular and subjective recovery and stress state in division I collegiate female soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2021;35(4):976-982.
3. Wu PPY, Sterkenburg N, Everett K, Chapman DW, White N, Mengersen K. Predicting fatigue using countermovement jump force-time signatures: PCA can distinguish neuromuscular versus metabolic fatigue. PLoS One. 2019;14(7):e0219295.
4. Gabbett TJ. The training—injury prevention paradox: should athletes be training smarter and harder? Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(5):273-280. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2015-095788
5. Halson SL. Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes. Sports medicine. 2014;44(2):139-147.
6. Schwellnus M, Soligard T, Alonso JM, et al. How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(17):1043-1052. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096572
7. Soligard T, Schwellnus M, Alonso JM, et al. How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(17):1030-1041. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096581
8. Bengtsson H, Ekstrand J, Hägglund M. Muscle injury rates in professional football increase with fixture congestion: an 11-year follow-up of the UEFA Champions League injury study. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(12):743-747.
9. Dellal A, Lago-Peñas C, Rey E, Chamari K, Orhant E. The effects of a congested fixture period on physical performance, technical activity and injury rate during matches in a professional soccer team. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6):390-394. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091290
10. Ekstrand J, Hägglund M, Kristenson K, Magnusson H, Waldén M. Fewer ligament injuries but no preventive effect on muscle injuries and severe injuries: an 11-year follow-up of the UEFA Champions League injury study. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(12):732-737.
11. Rollo I, Impellizzeri FM, Zago M, Iaia FM. Effects of 1 versus 2 games a week on physical and subjective scores of subelite soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2014;9(3):425-431.
12. Chandran A, Morris SN, Boltz AJ, Robison HJ, Collins CL. Epidemiology of Injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association Women’s Soccer: 2014–2015 Through 2018–2019. Journal of Athletic Training. 2021;56(7):651-658.
13. Ehrmann FE, Duncan CS, Sindhusake D, Franzsen WN, Greene DA. GPS and injury prevention in professional soccer. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2016;30(2):360-367.
14. Hart LM, Cohen DD, Patterson SD, Springham M, Reynolds J, Read P. Previous injury is associated with heightened countermovement jump force-time asymmetries in professional soccer players. Translational Sports Medicine. 2019;2(5):256-262.
15. Pustina AA, Sato K, Liu C, et al. Establishing a duration standard for the calculation of session rating of perceived exertion in NCAA division I men’s soccer. Journal of Trainology. 2017;6(1):26-30.
16. Alexiou H, Coutts AJ. A comparison of methods used for quantifying internal training load in women soccer players. International journal of sports physiology and performance. 2008;3(3):320-330.
17. Askow AT, Lobato AL, Arndts DJ, et al. Session Rating of Perceived Exertion (sRPE) Load and Training Impulse Are Strongly Correlated to GPS-Derived Measures of External Load in NCAA Division I Women’s Soccer Athletes. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2021;6(4):90.
18. Casamichana D, Castellano J, Calleja-Gonzalez J, San Román J, Castagna C. Relationship between indicators of training load in soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2013;27(2):369-374.
19. Owen AL, Djaoui L, Newton M, Malone S, Mendes B. A contemporary multi-modal mechanical approach to training monitoring in elite professional soccer. Science and medicine in football. 2017;1(3):216-221.
20. Russell M, Sparkes W, Northeast J, et al. Changes in Acceleration and Deceleration Capacity Throughout Professional Soccer Match-Play. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2016;30(10):2839-2844. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000000805
21. Di Salvo V, Baron R, González-Haro C, Gormasz C, Pigozzi F, Bachl N. Sprinting analysis of elite soccer players during European Champions League and UEFA Cup matches. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2010;28(14):1489-1494. doi:10.1080/02640414.2010.521166
22. McFadden BA, Walker AJ, Bozzini BN, Sanders DJ, Arent SM. Comparison of internal and external training loads in male and female collegiate soccer players during practices vs. games. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2020;34(4):969-974.
23. Hader K, Rumpf MC, Hertzog M, Kilduff LP, Girard O, Silva JR. Monitoring the Athlete Match Response: Can External Load Variables Predict Post-match Acute and Residual Fatigue in Soccer? A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine - Open. 2019;5(1):48. doi:10.1186/s40798-019-0219-7
24. Lombard W, Starling L, Wewege L, Lambert M. Changes in countermovement jump performance and subjective readiness-to-train scores following a simulated soccer match. European Journal of Sport Science. 2021;21(5):647-655.
25. McHugh MP, Clifford T, Abbott W, et al. Countermovement jump recovery in professional soccer players using an inertial sensor. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2019;14(1):9-15.
26. Sanders GJ, Boos B, Rhodes J, Kollock RO, Peacock CA, Scheadler CM. Factors associated with minimal changes in countermovement jump performance throughout a competitive division I collegiate basketball season. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019;37(19):2236-2242.
27. Peltonen J, Tuulari E. Polar Team Pro - Portable player tracking system to Increase team performance and prevent injuries. Polar R&D, Research and Technology. Published online October 2018.
28. Huggins RA, Giersch GEW, Belval LN, et al. The Validity and Reliability of Global Positioning System Units for Measuring Distance and Velocity During Linear and Team Sport Simulated Movements. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2020;34(11):3070-3077. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003787
29. Gilgen-Ammann R, Schweizer T, Wyss T. RR interval signal quality of a heart rate monitor and an ECG Holter at rest and during exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019;119(7):1525-1532. doi:10.1007/s00421-019-04142-5
30. Goodie JL, Larkin KT, Schauss S. Validation of the Polar Heart Rate Monitor for Assessing Heart Rate During Physical and Mental Stress. Journal of Psychophysiology. 2000;14(3):159-164. doi:10.1027//0269-8803.14.3.159
31. Weippert M, Kumar M, Kreuzfeld S, Arndt D, Rieger A, Stoll R. Comparison of three mobile devices for measuring R–R intervals and heart rate variability: Polar S810i, Suunto t6 and an ambulatory ECG system. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;109(4):779-786. doi:10.1007/s00421-010-1415-9
32. Foster C, Florhaug J, Franklin J, et al. A new approach to monitoring exercise training. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2001;15(1):109-115.
33. Bakdash JZ, Marusich LR. Repeated Measures Correlation. Front Psychol. 2017;8:456. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00456
34. Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistics notes: Calculating correlation coefficients with repeated observations: Part 1--correlation within subjects. BMJ. 1995;310(6977):446-446. doi:10.1136/bmj.310.6977.446
35. McMahon JJ, Jones PA, Comfort P. A correction equation for jump height measured using the just jump system. International journal of sports physiology and performance. 2016;11(4):555-557.
36. Watson A, Brickson S, Brooks A, Dunn W. Subjective well-being and training load predict in-season injury and illness risk in female youth soccer players. British journal of sports medicine. 2017;51(3):194-199.
37. Gathercole R, Sporer B, Stellingwerff T. Countermovement jump performance with increased training loads in elite female rugby athletes. International journal of sports medicine. 2015;36(09):722-728.
38. Malone S, Owen A, Newton M, Mendes B, Collins KD, Gabbett TJ. The acute: chonic workload ratio in relation to injury risk in professional soccer. Journal of science and medicine in sport. 2017;20(6):561-565.
39. Rico-González M, Oliveira R, González Fernández FT, Clemente FM. Acute: chronic workload ratio and training monotony variations over the season in youth soccer players: A systematic review. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. Published online 2022:17479541221104588.
40. Suarez-Arrones L, De Alba B, Röll M, et al. Player Monitoring in Professional Soccer: Spikes in Acute:Chronic Workload Are Dissociated From Injury Occurrence. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2020;2. Accessed September 30, 2022.